Wednesday, February 3, 2010

Is Batman's Lifestyle Too Unrealistic?

Art by Jim Lee

OK, so we all know that certain elements of the Batman mythos are pretty hard to swallow. Imagining that one human being can spend his entire life training for the fulfillment of one, sole purpose is hard enough, but doable. Yet Batman also has to balance spending each and every night patrolling the streets of Gotham City as a caped crusader, while spending his days managing a business, training, research, and maintaining a personal life to keep up the appearance of a dimwitted billionaire playboy. Not to mention that Batman must be the luckiest human in the world considering all the stray bullets that conveniently miss his face. This stuff requires some suspension of disbelief on the part of the reader.

However, yesterday the Escapist Magazine published an article entitled "Batmanalyzed," which pointed out some other oddities and inconsistencies of Batman's lifestyle that people don't seem to talk about too much. The ideas raised in the article are interesting (although I don't agree with all of them) and actually have a fair bit of economics to them. They are also very funny. I do want to highlight my views on some of the author's particular points.

1) Projecting the appearance of the "society airhead" actually may require a bit more work than we imagine:

At these parties, Bruce makes empty-headed gossip until he's convinced everyone he's an idiot. How does he come up with this chatter? Obviously, he has to study it. Though we're never shown this, he must have a clipping service prepare dossiers of pop-culture events, which he skims in the limo as Alfred drives him to the party. The Darknight Detective, as part of his holy war against Gotham's underworld, reads all about society debs and Jay Leno and American Idol. His bat-computer tracks Brad Pitt and Angelina Jolie. Batman, sitting in the Batcave, diligently memorizing this month's Playboy Party Jokes - you don't want to picture that, do you?

This is a great example of opportunity costs. If Batman is going to spend a few hours every night working on his social life, then indeed he does have to be kept abreast of the latest in pop culture news. Not only that, but Bruce does not always hang around fashion models and movie stars. He is a billionaire playboy, sure, but he is also something of a "sophisticate." He sometimes spends his nights with prominent political figures and businessmen. This would suggest that he would also need to read up on the latest political and economic news (at least to a superficial extent--enough to make conversation).

As Varney points out, all of this is more difficult than it seems. Staying on top of this requires at least some time spent each day (maybe as little as half an hour to one hour a day) listening to or reading entertainment news. And this is just the minimum. As we know from our lessons in opportunity cost, this is valuable time that Batman could be spending doing other things, be it actually catching street-level criminals or researching a pending case. This time adds up to many foregone criminals put in jail.

Nevertheless, we know that it's important for Batman to keep up appearances. We just never really think of what it costs.

2) Batman's ability to consistently resist satisfying his sexual urges stretches our ability to suspend our disbelief:

Bruce Wayne's social life is a continual exercise in seduction, arousal and dismissal. He charms a sexy woman into going home with him, hugs and caresses her publicly. She's agog, about to spend the night with a handsome billionaire ... then bam! Out on the sidewalk, see you later. This is Bruce's most common interaction with women. Creepy.

[...]

What's creepy is a healthy, athletic heterosexual man who persuades entire job-lots of Gotham City's most desirable women to fall on their back, then walks away, repeatedly, unconsummated. It explains how he sustains the rage to keep beating up muggers.

This seems to me like a strange argument to make. First, it makes the assumption that Bruce Wayne is an ordinary heterosexual man who has ordinary, heterosexual desires. However, we know that Bruce is very far from ordinary. In fact, there are people who describe themselves as being completely nonsexual or having never in their adult lives been sexually attracted to anyone. One study revealed that this happens in about 1% of adults.

Now, I don't actually think this is the case with Batman. We know that Batman has some sexual attractions. There is plenty of evidence to suggest that he is or has been physically attracted to both Catwoman and Talia al Ghul among others. Hell, he has a son with one of them. What seems to be the case is that Bruce, given what we know about his personality and history, is probably just completely unattracted to the shallow personality types that he hangs with while assuming his invented personality. To me, this is a totally reasonable assumption.

But let's say that Bruce is physically attracted to these socialites he sees every night. Is it really so odd to assume that he would be able to resist them? In fact, Bruce spent the majority of his life training to resist these very urges and to focus his mind on his mission. This is something that priests do all the time. One might of course argue priests are not presented with as much temptation as Bruce is, but then you could also argue that Bruce's training far exceeds that of an ordinary priest.

To doubt that Bruce would be able to resist these urges is then to doubt either the legitimacy of his training or his will and determination, which means his entire mythology falls apart. I think if you're going to suspend your disbelief about some aspects of Bruce's life, then you should easily be able to with this one.

3) Batman's criminal focus may be a bit misguided.

The unthinkable thought, though - the damning observation - is his choice of targets. When he's not foiling some super-villain's plot to turn everyone in Gotham bright blue, Batman fights muggers, hit men, drug gangs - minor-league hoods all - and the occasional crimelord. This is small-scale retail crimefighting, penny-ante stuff. Why no Wall Street derivatives traders? Directors of tobacco companies? Corrupt Treasury officials? Fraudulent researchers for Big Pharma or the chemicals industry? These individuals create misery on a scale the Joker has never imagined.

Two things here. One is that I'm not entirely sure this claim is true. Batman has fought corrupt business types before. Although it may not always be as Batman. For example, the Tim Burton film, Batman Returns, shows Bruce Wayne desperately trying to prevent the tycoon, Max Shreck, from building an additional power plant that Bruce, correctly, suspects would actually drain the city's power and make a huge profit for the Shreck business. In Batman Beyond, an elderly Bruce Wayne fights tooth and nail to stop corrupt businessman Derek Powers from using his company to manufacture and sell weapons.
In Batman: Year One by Frank Miller, Batman goes after the organized crime families for sure, but he also makes attempts to deter the corrupt businessmen, police and law officials that take kickbacks and (directly or indirectly) support these families.

Of course, we know that Batman doesn't go after these guys all the time. The Escapist is correct in making the observation that when not fighting violent supervillains, Batman spends a majority of his time taking out street thugs and ordinary criminals. Why does he do this instead of spending more time going after all the aforementioned business-type crooks?

The most obvious reason is that catching crooks on the street requires much smaller operating costs and has a considerably higher probability of success. We all know how easy it is for Batman to catch these guys. He swoops in, neutralizes them, bags them, and drops them for Commissioner Gordon to process and try. Crime stopped, lives saved, case closed. To go after major organizations and complicated operations would require much more preparation, more work, and may not even succeed. Batman first has to discover that there's even been a crime committed, which is much harder to do with a Big Pharma company than it is by simply observing a mugger on the street.

The other reason is that Batman is not exactly a utilitarian. The author argues that these business-type crimes cause much more damage to Gotham City than a low-class hood. True. But I don't think that Batman cares about the magnitude of damage as much as the immediacy of it. He sees crime, he knows it's wrong, and he vows to stop it. This goes back to opportunity costs. If Batman spends time researching these corporate crimes, that means that a bunch of people get mugged or killed on the street while he is conducting that research. Batman's moral code just cannot allow for that to happen. Yes, if Batman got wind of the fact that the Joker was about to blow up the entire city, he would attempt to stop it over stopping a mugger. Yes, if Two-Face just got released from Arkham, he would spend a little time eyeballing him. Similarly, if Batman had reason to suspect that some illicit Wall Street act was about to cause the death of many people, you can bet he'd be on it like annoying on Mxyzptlk. But if Batman were a true utilitarian seeking only the maximal rewards for his city, he would have killed the Joker a long time ago thereby saving the city the cost of thousands of lives.


Batman is a complicated man. And no one understands him but his woman writers.

86 comments:

Blue Gargantua said...

I feel like Batman goes after small-timers in part because his folks weren't killed by corrupt businessmen, but by a random mugger. So he's got a personal stake in stopping street-level hoods.

However, Batman might also be applying a sort of "Broken Windows" approach to this. If he really hammers the small infractions, he might be hoping to create a situation where people don't feel like Gotham is a total pit and where they feel less inclined to commit larger crimes because "hey, it's Gotham, it's what happens here". Bit of a stretch on this though.

Allen Varney said...

Thanks for a thoughtful and interesting response to my Escapist article. Note that my article isn't quibbling with the lack of reality in the depiction of Batman. I just intended to raise some unfortunate points that follow naturally from the premise's assumptions.

ShadowBanker said...

Hey Allen-

Your post was very interesting as well. You're right, our headline is a bit misleading. But I think in the actual post, I referred to your issues as "oddities" with Batman. That seems more appropriate.

Chakat Firepaw said...

The first point may shade into something I have maintained about Batman for some time:

Batman isn't simply a highly trained normal, he is an honest-to-goodness super. His power is hypercognitive, similar to that of super-inventors but focused on analysis rather than invention.

This results in him not only being able to determine just where Nasty Canasta is going to strike next based on a single dropped playing card, but to also spot the 'talking points' of the social world on minimal observation.

Lawnmower Boy said...

"What's creepy is a healthy, athletic heterosexual man"

Didn't someone once argue that Bruce might actually not be heterosexual? If I'm recalling right, there was some talk about a ward.
Help me out here. It's gotta be on the Internet somewhere.

KingEdRa said...

Two Things that jumped out at me while reading this:

1)Most modern interpretations assume that Batman is the dominant identity and Bruce Wayne is the "costume." This could explain why Batman has sexual desires but Bruce Wayne does not. There is no need for Bruce to have a sex drive, all that is needed is the appearance of one for him.

2)While I would think that Batman is fully capable of fighting a war on white-collar crime, he doesn't need to make it a priority, as he has the resources of a huge multi-national business conglomerate to take care of this. All he has to do is send a memo: "Dear Lucius- Please make sure we outbid/ outcompete LexCorp on project (x). Thanks, Bruce."

That said, I'd still pay good money for a "Bruce Wayne Vs. Lex Luthor: Battle in The Boardroom!" comic.

Dale Sheldon said...

On the third point ("Why not beat-up Wall St.?"):

When Batman catches a common criminal, it's never a question of guilt: he catches him, drops him off with Gordon, and Gordon books him.

But if Batman nabs a guy off Wall St., what happens? He drops him off and Gordon goes "Umm...".

The Wall St. goons aren't hard to catch, they don't live in parts of town that the police are afraid to enter or that are under-patrolled; if there was something they could be written up for, Gordon doesn't need Batman to hunt him them down, he just needs to march up with a pair of handcuffs.

Tom said...

I think one assumption implied in the initial argument is that Batman does not make efficient use of his time, that he is a uni-tasker. If we make the opposite assumption: that Batman is very efficient, and more specifically, that he can multitask, we can solve a few of these problems.

Imagine Batman out on patrol for muggers, criminals of opportunity, and random acts of violence *simultaneously* listening to a recorded pop-culture podcast or NPR on a receiver in his Bat-ears in addition to scanning the police band.

Bruce Wayne does not usually have the luxury of down time, he needs to show up at a party or fundraiser, get noticed, play to his playboy reputation, and get out quietly to resume patrolling as Batman. BUT, Batman has tons of downtime: While he is waiting for the Bat-puter to crunch some numbers or algorithms to solve the latest Riddler clue, or for the mass spectrometer to analyze the newest Joker chemical compound he can work out, read, eat, *and* have The Soup on in the background to catch up on the latest reality TV, and The Daily Show on another monitor for the political stuff.

He's also got Oracle as a resource, I would guess it's a piece of cake for Babs to pull in a daily batch of headlines and stock prices for wireless upload to a goggle-based RSS reader.

He may even be catching up on Weeds or some other popular TV on those things. (Netflix streaming to the Batcar dashboard?)

Batman isn't a uni-tasker, is my point.

-t

Chibithulhu said...

Another thing to consider is that Batman's crime-fighting is neither a political thing nor a for-profit business. It's something he does purely for enjoyment, so it doesn't have to be efficient or productive as long as it is personally gratifying, and Bats clearly gets a bigger kick out of fighting street-crime.

His job, if he could be said to have one, is to act the part of a wealthy idiot. He probably keeps a tv/radio on in his Bat-gym while he works out to stay abreast of pop-cultural matters and has Alfred arrange his Dimwitted Billionaire Playboy performances to get the most publicity for the least effort.

ShadowBanker said...

Blue Gargantua - There is definitely a pathology in his motives that I didn't touch upon. Building on that, do you think on some level Batman keeps after the little guys because he doesn't WANT the mission to succeed? He wants to continue fighting criminals all his life? Did I just BLOW YOUR MIND?

By the way, I don't really believe that.

Chakat - I agree with you that Batman is superhuman. This is Grant Morrison's belief too, as he described in numerous interviews. The idea of Batman being the best that any human can be is a little antiquated. He's become something that I feel no human could ever be.

Lawnmower - ZING!

KingEd - I agree with your interpretation. Batman is the dominant identity and as such his sex drive is likely diminished.

Your second point is also valid. Bruce has used his company before to stop other corrupt business leaders (most notably Max Shreck). However, I think the extent he can use these means to make serious change in the system is limited. But then you can also argue that Batman hasn't cleaned up street crime all that much.

Dale - Well, I think what The Escapist isn't so much arguing about taking the guy and bringing him into Gordon, so much as applying Batman's notable fear tactics to serve as a deterrent against future crimes. My argument, however, is that it's harder for Batman to get wind of these crimes and find out who's responsible in the first place.

Tom - Very good point. But there's still opportunity cost, right? Even if he multitasks, he can't do EVERYTHING at once. Spending any time listening to Entertainment News is going to mean less time listening to police radio.

Chibithulhu - It's true--Batman's motives don't exact coincide with the utilitarian ones. Though I wouldn't use the word "enjoyment." More like "gratification."

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RJ Moore II said...

Batman is the richest guy in the world, and WayneCorp is a cash cow because he can recognize the best when he sees them. He also sells off all the inventions he considers useless.
He doesn't need to manage WayneCorp on a regular basis, he's got top level managers, and his primary income - inventions - are things he develops in his work as Batman. So, really, it's not unrealistic if you accept that Batman is basically superhumanly intelligent. He doesn't do paperwork, he puts out patents and signs checks.

Wall Mirrors said...

Love it.. I love finding comic book material. But thought is this... Batman is batman.. He's a billionnaire, superhero.. If you start there --- discussing how realistic his life is.. is pretty tough ask.

Dining Table said...

I disagree "Wall Mirror" -- If you like comics, discussing opinions and reality are part of the experience. That said. I feel that his life is realistic when comparing him to other superheros. His athletic abilities, intellect and affluence are all plausible in our world... which makes Batman much closer than others.

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Huge.. Huge. Batman fan. My point about him putting women to curb is two fold:

1) Bruce's got an identity to protect and Batman always comes before Bruce.

2) relationships are messy. I'm sure Bruce may have a few high priced call girls that don't hear about. It's his perogative and BM comics haven't ventured into the area. Also, I agree with your point, "Bruce, given what we know about his personality and history, is probably just completely unattracted to the shallow personality types that he hangs with while assuming his invented personality." If you have a mastermind like BM, he's not getting what he wants from the bimbo's.

My two cents.

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